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    The passive voice

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    rachida

    عدد المساهمات : 14
    نقاط : 48
    تاريخ التسجيل : 29/11/2010

    The passive voice

    مُساهمة من طرف rachida في الثلاثاء أبريل 26, 2011 6:15 pm

    Passive - Use
    We only use the passive when we are interested in the object or when we do not know who caused the action.
    Example: Appointments are required in such cases.
    We can only form a passive sentence from an active sentence when there is an object in the active sentence.
    ________________________________________
    Form
    to be + past participle
    How to form a passive sentence when an active sentence is given:
    - object of the "active" sentence becomes subject in the "passive" sentence
    - subject of the "active" sentence becomes "object" in the "passive" sentence" (or is left out)
    Active: Peter builds a house.

    Passive: A house is built by Peter.

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    Examples
    Active: Peter builds a house. (Simple Present)

    Passive: A house is built by Peter.

    Active: Peter built a house. (Simple Past)

    Passive: A house was built by Peter.

    Active: Peter has built a house. (Present Perfect)

    Passive: A house has been built by Peter.

    Active: Peter will build a house. (will-future)

    Passive: A house will be built by Peter.

    Active: Peter can build a house. (Modals)

    Passive: A house can be built by Peter.
    We have listed active and passive forms in the following examples:
    We used the phrase I drive and have put this phrase into most common tenses.
    Active (Simple Forms):
    Simple Present: I drive
    Simple Past: I drove
    Present Perfect: I have driven
    Past Perfect:
    I had driven
    will-future: I will drive
    Future Perfect:I will have driven
    Conditional I: I would drive
    Conditional II: I would have driven

    Active (Progressive/Continuous Forms):
    Simple Present: I am driving
    Simple Past: I was driving
    Present Perfect: I have been driving
    Past Perfect: I had been driving
    will-future: I will be driving
    Future Perfect: I will have been driving
    Conditional I: I would be driving
    Conditional II: I would have been driving

    Passive (Simple Forms):
    Simple Present: I am driven
    Simple Past: I was driven
    Present Perfect: I have been driven
    Past Perfect: I had been driven
    will-future: I will be driven
    Future Perfect: I will have been driven
    Conditional I: I would be driven
    Conditional II: I would have been driven

    Passive (Progressive/Continuous Forms):
    Present: I am being driven
    Past: I was being driven
    Present Perfect : I have been being driven
    Past Perfect : I had been being driven
    Future : I will be being driven
    Future Perfect : I will have been being driven
    Conditional I : I would be being driven
    Conditional II : I would have been being driven

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