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    Conditional sentences

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    rachida

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    Conditional sentences

    مُساهمة من طرف rachida في الثلاثاء أبريل 19, 2011 2:45 pm

    [Conditional sentences
    The conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English.
    Watch out:)? Which type of the conditional sentences is used) Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence
    There are three types of the if-clauses
    type condition
    I condition possible to fulfill
    II condition in theory possible to fulfill
    III condition not possible to fulfill (too late)
    Form
    type if clause main clause
    I Simple Present will-future (or Modal + infinitive)
    II Simple Past would + infinitive *
    III Past Perfect would + have + past participle *
    Examples (if-clause at the beginning)
    type if clause main clause
    I If I study, I will pass the exam.
    II If I studied, I would pass the exam.
    III If I had studied, I would have passed the exam.
    Examples (if-clause at the end)
    type main clause if-clause
    I I will pass the exam if I study.
    II I would pass the exam if I studied.
    III I would have passed the exam if I had studied.
    Examples (affirmative and negative sentences)
    type Examples
    type Examples
    long forms short/contracted forms
    I + If I study, I will pass the exam. If I study, I'll pass the exam.
    - If I study, I will not fail the exam.
    If I do not study, I will fail the exam. If I study, I won't fail the exam.
    If I don't study, I'll fail the exam.
    II + If I studied, I would pass the exam. If I studied, I'd pass the exam.
    - If I studied, I would not fail the exam.
    If I did not study, I would fail the exam. If I studied, I wouldn't fail the exam.
    If I didn't study, I'd fail the exam.
    III + If I had studied, I would have passed the exam. If I'd studied, I'd have passed the exam.
    - If I had studied, I would not have failed the exam.
    If I had not studied, I would have failed the exam. If I'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam.
    If I hadn't studied, I'd have failed the exam.
    * We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).
    I would pass the exam.
    I could pass the exam.
    I might pass the exam.
    I may pass the exam.
    I should pass the exam.
    I must pass the exam.]
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    eljar

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    تاريخ التسجيل : 22/01/2010

    رد على موضوع Conditional sentences

    مُساهمة من طرف eljar في الثلاثاء أبريل 26, 2011 5:34 am

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


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    rachida

    عدد المساهمات : 14
    نقاط : 48
    تاريخ التسجيل : 29/11/2010

    رد: Conditional sentences

    مُساهمة من طرف rachida في الأربعاء أبريل 27, 2011 5:08 pm

    Thank you. Happy to be member of this educational website and help as possible as I can.I wish you will appreciate my participation.

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